Horse Stable Surfaces and Flooring

Stable Flooring

What Surface or Flooring is Best for Your Horses?

So you’re thinking about building or renovating your stables and you don’t know what surface you should use for your horse? We can help. Most of the specialists will tell you that one of the most important things for your horse’s health is what they walk on. What a horse walks on has such an impact on their joints. The following is a list of surfaces commonly used in horse stables. For more information, contact Colorado Horse Property today. I you are looking for a horse property for sale, one of our horse-person Realtors® are standing by.

Surfaces

Soil, Sand, or Clay Surfaces—Chances are, the area that you’re stall is built on top of already has one of these three surfaces to begin with. Leaving this surface intact is inexpensive and a healthy option for your horse. However, your floors may require daily upkeep so they stay level. The soil will eventually have to be replaced over time.

Even clay surfaces will require a lot of maintenance in horse stalls. If the clay surface gets wet, it can be dangerously slippery for your horse. Horses are known to inadvertently dig holes in clay where they are most often positioned. If you decide to use or keep a clay surface, remember to use a layer of crushed gravel underneath.

Crushed Limestone Surfaces—Opposed to a more natural surface, this type of surface will have to be installed. The benefit of crushed limestone is that it provides good drainage if properly installed with several inches over a bed of sand. It’s also a non-slip surface. However, limestone can pack to an almost concrete-like hardness, which means stall mats and/or deep bedding will be needed to provide comfortable footing for your horse.

Gravel of Crusher Dust Surfaces—Fine gravel or crusher dust can be a comfortable, safe stall flooring. It must be well packed and level when it is put in. The benefit of crushed gravel is that it provides good drainage if properly installed several inches thick. It’s also a non-slip surface. However, gravel or Crusher dust is not as easy to clean as concrete. Over time the gravel will compact down which means stall mats and/or deep bedding will be needed to provide comfortable footing for your horse.

Asphalt Surfaces—Asphalt is a bit easier on a horse’s legs than concrete and can be made so it drains relatively well. When first laid, asphalt is non-slip, but may become slicker over time. It needs to be laid thick enough that it does not crack. It’s easy to clean, although disinfecting the porous surface may be difficult. Asphalt may be one of the less-expensive options for stall floors and aisles.

Flooring

Concrete Flooring—Concrete flooring is very common in stables. It is very durable and easy to clean and is hard to damage. It can be slippery, so while very smooth finished concrete may be attractive and easy to sweep in feed and tack rooms, textured concrete is better for stalls and aisles. If horses are kept in for long periods of time, it will be healthier for their legs if rubber stall mats are laid over the concrete, or at very least, the stall is bedded deeply. It also tends to be very cold and damp, so some horses may be reluctant to lie down in their stalls.

Rubber Mat Flooring—Several types of Rubber mats are available for stalls and stable walkways. Equestrian mats are easier to clean than gravel or natural ground as they can be hosed down or swept. A thick rubber mat provides great cushioning for your horse’s legs as well as insulation. Rubber mats are best if laid over a nice flat surface that drains well. They are often used on top on concrete and usually come in the form of interlocking tiles that can be cut to fit your stalls or chosen area.

Wood Flooring—Wood was once the standard flooring material in horse stables. Wood floors are easier on a horse’s legs than many other choices. It’s warm, non-slip when dry and has relatively low upkeep. Treated wood is required to prevent rot from urine and water spills, and to dissuade rodents and bugs from chewing through it. The wood planks should be at least two inches thick and sit atop a base of sand or gravel for drainage. Any spaces between planks need to be filled with sand so that feed and bedding don’t spill through.

The downside of wood floors is that they can be slippery when wet, they can hold odor, can be damaged by pawing horses and can be hard to disinfect. The cost of plank flooring is one factor that makes this a less popular option than it once was.

Interlocking Brick Flooring—Interlocking brick or pavers are attractive but present the same problems as concrete floors. Because of the grooves between the pavers, they can be a bit harder to clean. Rubber and synthetic bricks are other options, and these are easy on a horse’s legs, provide good drainage and are non-slip. This is probably the most expensive option for stall and aisle flooring.

Grid Flooring—Several types of grid floors are available for stalls. These honeycomb-patterned grids are laid over a few inches of sand or crushed gravel and then filled with crushed gravel or stone dust to make a floor that drains well.

Colorado Horse Property

Types of Horse Barns and Sheds

Horse Barn

What Type of Horse Barn Suites Your Needs?

One of the things that horse owners have to keep in mind when moving, is what type of outbuildings they’ll need. Maybe you need a small shed for your horses or maybe you require a bigger horse barn. But what type of shed or barn fits your needs the best? Below is a list of the most common horse barns and sheds.

If you are looking for horse property in Colorado, consider contacting one of our horse-person Realtors at Colorado Horse Property. You can also search our site for horse properties for sale and properties for sale with barns.

Horse Barns

Pole Barn—A Pole Barn is different from other types of barns because its framing is built of wood roof trusses connected to vertical columns. These barns also have secondary structural members such as wall headers, roof purlins and wall girts to support the exterior cladding.

Post and Beam Barn—A Post and Beam Barn uses heavier wooden timbers than other types of barns. The wooden timbers join together with either carved wood joinery or metal heavy duty plates. Post and beam barns have an exposed structural frame, which a lot of horse owners like for the aesthetics.

Modular Barn—A Modular Barn is a type of horse barn that is delivered completely built or delivered in pre-built sections and assembled on location. Completely built modular barns include portable horse sheds, small storage barns and similar buildings. This type of barn is typically more affordable.

Gable Barn—A Gable Barn is  simple a type of horn barn that has a triangular shaped roof.  The roof on the Gable Barn has a single slope on each side of the roof. Because of the natural A-shape of a gable barn, they are also referred to as A-Frame Barns.

Gambrel Barn—A Gambrel Barn is a type of barn that has a double sloped roof on each side, with lower slopes having a steeper roof pitch than the upper slope. Gambrel Barns are also sometimes called Dutch Barns. A Gambrel Barn is mostly constructed for the purpose of having extra attic space.

Bank Barn—A Bank Barn is a type of horse barn that’s built into the side of a hill. This unique building style is to provide access to both first and second floors at ground level or via a built-up ramp. The first floor of a Bank Barn is built with either cement blocks filled with concrete or poured concrete walls, to make it stronger.

Monitor Barn—A Monitor Barn is a type of barn that has the center portion of its roof raised or pushed up from the main portion of the roof. This raised roof is typically supported by the addition of knee walls. This type of barn is also commonly referred to as a Raid-Roof Barn.

Horse Sheds

Lean To Shed—A Lean-to Shed is a type of shed built with a large front overhang which is supported by posts and headers. This overhanging room provides better protection for your horses that experience regularly experience poor weather conditions. The overhanging section can be enclosed if you decide to build on to the structure.

Run In Shed—A Run-in Shed is a type of shed with three sides and an open front that provides horses and other farm animals with a temporary shelter from weather elements. This type of shed was originally built for horses to literally run into the shed. A Run-in Shed can also be used as a loafing shed.

Shed Row—A Shed Row is a horse shed with a single row of stalls. You can think of a Shed Row as a Lean-to Shed without the overhanging roof structure. You can also think of a Shed Row as a Run-in Shed that is covered on all sides. In other words, this type of shed is the middle ground between the other two types of sheds.

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Colorado Horse Property

11 Unusual Horse Terms

Zebroid
  1. Broodmare—another word for a mare or an adult female horse that is used for horse breeding.
  2. Cob—A stocky, rather small equine, or a large pony. Often a general description, but also applied to certain breeds such as the Welsh Cob. A bridle size designed for horses with small or short heads. Usually keeps a long browband and throatlatch to accommodate the wide forehead and jowls of cobs and other horses with somewhat wedge-shaped heads, such as the Arabian or the Morgan.
  3. Croup—The topline and immediate underlying musculature of the hindquarters. Runs from the tail to the loin, and from the point of the hip to the point of the buttock.
  4. Daisy Cutter—An equine that moves with long but low movement. Considered highly desirable in hunter-type horses.
  5. Damsire—The sire of the dam of a horse, analogous to the maternal grandfather in humans. Often known as the broodmare sire or maternal grandsire.
  6. Frog—A tough, rubbery, triangular part of the underside of a horse hoof that acts as a shock absorber for the horse’s foot and also assists in blood circulation of the lower leg.
  7. Jennet—A small, gaited equine of the Middle Ages, developed originally in Spain, used as a riding animal. Another word for a female donkey.
  8. Outlaw—A horse that is vicious or cannot be handled by humans.
  9. Quirt—Short-handled, flexible, weighted whip, of braided leather or rawhide, that is used by some Western-style riders.
  10. Typey—Slang for a horse that conforms to its breed standards, or type.
  11. Zebroid— Hybrid offspring of a zebra crossed on another equine, term includes the zorse, zony and zedonk.

10 Terms Only Horse Lovers Know

Horse Sand Roll
  1. Amble—A general term for a range of four beat intermediate speed horse gaits. These gaits are approximately the speed of a trot or pace but far smoother to ride. Various terms for lateral ambling gaits, based on style, speed or rhythm of gait and breed of horse.
    These include the slow gait, single foot, running walk, stepping pace, paso llano, rack, tölt, and paso largo. Ambling refers to lateral gaits but may be applied to all four beat intermediate speed gaits. These include the diagonal four-beat gait referred to be terms such as fox trot, pasitrote, and trocha.
  2. Balking—When a horse refuses to move. Multiple causes, including disobedience, fright, and pain or injury.
  3. Bolting—When a horse suddenly runs away, with or without a rider. When a horse eats its feed too rapidly.
  4. Bucking—A behavior where the horse lowers its head and rapidly kicks its hind feet into the air. At liberty, seen as an expression of excess energy or high spirit, under saddle is generally considered a disobedience, except in sports such as the rodeo sports of Saddle bronc and bareback riding, where the horse is deliberately encouraged to attempt to dislodge its rider.
  5. Canter—A three-beat horse gait, with both front and rear legs on one side landing further forward than those on the other side – see lead below. In Western riding, the canter is known as a lope. The order in which the feet hit the ground varies depending on which legs are leading, but the gait begins with the outside hind, followed by the simultaneous landing of the outside front and inside hind, finished by the inside front.
    There is a moment during a canter when all four hooves of the horse are off the ground, known as the moment of suspension. A similar gait is the gallop (see below) which is performed at a higher speed, when the second beat is broken into two footfalls, making it a four-beat gait.
  6. Counter Canter—A form of the canter where the equine is deliberately asked to canter on a curve with the outside leg leading, which is opposite of usual. Also known as galop faux, false canter, or counter lead. It is used to help build muscle and suppleness in a horse.
  7. Dressage—A classical form of equine training, involving the gradual training of the horse in stages. An Olympic level equine sport based on classical principles of horsemanship, involving taking tests designed to gauge the training level of horses in classical dressage. Lower levels of dressage competition are organized by national equestrian organizations, but the higher levels, including the Olympics, are governed by the Federation Equestre Internationale.
  8. Hand—A measurement of the height of a horse. Originally taken from the size of a grown man’s hand but now standardized to 4 inches. The measurement is usually taken from the ground to the withers. If expressed with a period and number after it, the number represents additional inches, so 15.3 hands (“fifteen-three”) would be 15 times four inches, plus three inches – that is, 63 inches (160 cm).
  9. Rearing—When a horse rises up on its hind legs. If performed while being handled by humans, is usually considered a severe, dangerous disobedience. Occasionally, horses are trained to rear on command for uses such as film or circus work. Rearing may occur while an animal is loose, being ridden, or while being handled by a human from the ground.
  10. Sand Roll—A stall or yard covered with deep sand, which is used by horses to roll in after exercise.

Colorado Horse Tack

Colorado Horse Tack

Horse Tack for Sale

If you’ve ever spent a day on a ranch and aided in the care of horses, then you’ve probably been in a tack room. Inside would have been bridles, bits, halters, shanks, saddles, pads, wraps, fly masks, and blankets. Also, there are buckets and grooming tool organizers stuffed with brushes, combs, hoof pick, sponges, chamois, sprays, shampoo. This is horse tack. Anything used to dress or care for the horses nearby. Most of these items can by hung up on the wall, with a few items stored in cupboards. Cupboard items may include cleaners, conditioners, polishes, rags, and sponges to maintain all that tack and equipment.

Make sure to lock up your tack room at the end of the work day. The cost of all that tack and gear is astronomical. The comfort and safety of your horse is paramount. Therefore, it is essential to take extra steps,making sure that your tack and equipment is kept safe. Also, cleaning your tack is important. As much as tack should be cleaned regularly and the bit and stirrups washed and wiped dry, the challenges of keeping tack in perfect condition can be overcome by having them in a secure and dry place. Leaving your tack outside and in the elements will greatly reduce their lifespan.

A lot of your tack will be made out of leather. Leather is treated animal skin and has about 25 percent of its original moisture. Today’s tanning process, which takes about six weeks, permanently alters the protein structure in the skin, making it more durable and less susceptible to damage from bacteria. Knowing how to care for your leather products in your tack room is very important. Looking for Colorado horse property for sale? Contact one of our horse-person realtors today.

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Improving Your Dressage Riding Skills

Dressage Riding Skills

Your Dressage Riding Skills

Dressage is an equestrian sport; it is a highly skilled form of riding performed in exhibition and competition. A big part of riding (and riding well) is keeping the right frame of mind when in the saddle. You should always be thinking about the rider position and function. This is especially true when trying to improve your riding skills relating to swiftness. If you are always thinking about what you should be doing to ride your horse the fastest, then you will already be ahead of the competition. For example, if I have really tight arms or wrists, or holding tension anywhere in your body, you will not be able to push the horse as fast as it can go.

There are exercises that can be used out of the saddle to help you. Wrap a long flexible cord around a helper’s upper chest and shoulders, and pretend the other end is the reins of your horse. Have your helper walk forward, turning left and right, while you try to maintain a steady contact with these makeshift reins. Then switch places and have your helper steer you. This will provide you with insight into what your horse experiences.

Following those steps, grasp one end of your test rope and have your helper grasp the other end. Have your helper move their hand. Follow their movements to keep a soft, even contact. Pay close attention to your wrists, forearms, and shoulders. Are your wrists locked? Forearms tight? Shoulders stiff? This is indicative of how you will be in the saddle and gives you a chance to correct them before straddling your horse. For more information on English horse training in Colorado, check out our Colorado Horse Training page. Looking for horse properties for sale in Colorado? Contact a horse-person realtor today.

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How To Build An Indoor Colorado Riding Arena

indoor Colorado riding arena

Building An Indoor Colorado Riding Arena

Expanding on our article on “Building A Horse Riding Arena In Colorado” there is so much to be said on the topic of indoor Colorado riding arena. Other key facts that should be considered when constructing an indoor arena are ventilation and the base. Ventilation comes through strategically placed openings that encourage the flow of air. Also, without adequate ventilation, you can get condensation on the roof that will drip down. Mechanical ventilation systems occur more often in heated (insulated) buildings and larger commercial projects. Therefore, make sure to discuss ventilation with your contractor. Go over your options to find the best method for you.

The base is the foundation on your riding arena and a vital component of the structure. That base should consist of four inches of compacted limestone screenings over top of a clean engineerable fill. This fill could be clay, sand, or an aggregate mix that does not contain any organic matter. The footing itself can range from a locally sourced sand to a sand and fiber mix. Add a permanent dust-free coating to either of these footings. A decent footing gives stability, traction, and shock absorption for your horses. Also, depending on what kind of horses you’ll be training, your footing may need to be different.

Different sands have different qualities. A sand mixture uses grains of different sizes. Hard, washed, medium-course sands, are preferred. You will also want sand with a high angular content. Other sands break down quickly creating dust and offer little traction. These sands to not make good riding arena surfaces. Deciphering the elements of quality sand and sourcing the material can be difficult. Consult with your contractor on footing when selecting your material. Click the link for more information on arena builders in Colorado.

5 Ways To Bond With Your Horse

bond with your horse

Bond With Your Horse

Bonding with your horse is a great way to improve your overall health as well as the health of your horse. For more reading on horse bonding, check out our article How To Bond With Your Horse. (1) Riders should look at their offseason as an opportunity to bond with their horse. Many professionals spend their offseason introducing new skills such as flying changes and sliding stops, strengthening their discipline. (2) There are ways to be a fresh perspective on your horse. Spend some time in the saddle without stirrups or try riding other horses that are more experienced than your own. You can also attend a clinic or take lessons with an experienced trainer. Getting new perspectives on your horse will help you bond with your horse better.

(3) Riders are often forced to board their horses for the season at a professional training barn. This can result in low to zero one-on-one time with your horse. Not all horses react the same way to this type of low interaction. If your horse is not performing as well as usual, consider making a change. Making a trip back home with your horse and tack in tow can be annoying, but making time to bond with your horse at home might be just what your horse needs. (4) You can learn how to better bond with your horse by trying another discipline.  During the offseason, try a new sport like jumping or cantering poles.

(5) One of the most important things that you can do to keep up with bonding methods is to research. Always read about new techniques online, visit equine trade shows in your area, or attend bonding seminars. Other studying opportunities include winter clinics, online courses, and magazine articles. For ideas on how to bond with your horse, contact Colorado Horse Property today.

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How To Bond With Your Horse

how to bond with your horse

Bond With Your Horse

Bonding with horses seems to be a fundamental trait that humans have developed over the years. Bonding with horses teaches compassion, patience, and has been shown to reduce stress. So how do you bond with your horse? Colorado Horse Property has put together a list of ways to bond with your horse that you might not have thought of before.

When your horse has to be seen by the vet, don’t take a back seat. Being there during this stressful period for your horse can increase the bond that you already have. So the next time your horse gets diagnostics, dental work, alternative therapies, or even surgery be present. If you are a competition rider, supplement your horse’s training with other activities in the off season. The more time you spend with your horse, the greater your bond will be. The greater the bond, the better your horse will be on and off the track. And don’t abandon your horse when winter comes. Winter can be harsh, especially in the state of Colorado, but your horse needs attention all year round. Put on your winter gear and get outside with your horse—you’ll both be glad you did!

It is common for your horse to show negative behaviors when they get older. Is your horse resisting and showing tension more lately? You could go out and get your horse all new tack and bring in a new trainer. However, this behavior could be the result of your bond with your horse slipping. Don’t feel bad. We all get busy sometimes, but when your horse is showing these signs it is time for you to get busy bonding again. It’s time to address these problems from a new angle, experiment with new techniques, and rebuild the foundation with your horse.

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What Your Colorado Horse Is Built For

what your Colorado horse is built for

Your Colorado Horse

Taking a closer look at your horse’s physical structure is essential. This says a lot about your Colorado horse. Before reading this article, check out the article “What Your Colorado Horse Is Made For” for more information on this topic. If you have any questions about this article or are looking for horse property for sale in Colorado, contact one of the knowledgeable horse-person realtors at Colorado Horse Property.

Also, your horse’s legs are critical to examine. A horse with calf knees has front legs that bend backward. This can cause excess strain on the bones, ligaments, tendons, and joints, a problem found in some racehorses. Examining a horse’s legs can tell you where the force of your horse’s body weight is going. This can help you determine problems that your horse might have in the future, as we’ve seen with the calf knee example above. If your horse’s hind legs bow inward, this indicates additional stress on the hocks. This is commonly known as cow hocked. This could also mean that your horse will have problems with osteoarthritis or bone spavin.

Horse community professionals also evaluate horses by their physical structure. However, specific kinds of horses have physical structures that make them more suited to particular functions. Warmblood horses are great for show jumping. Thoroughbreds are good for speed. For more information on these breeds and more, read Five Popular Horse Breeds and Five More Popular Horse Breeds. Animals with the right build for their jobs are usually easier to train and less likely to develop performance-related injuries. Always do your research. Match your horse’s breed to what your Colorado horse is built to do.

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